Interestingly, while the Trump administration and its Middle Eastern allies put pressure on the Islamic regime in Iran to return to a policy of isolation, Rouhani and his future cabinet will have a hard time ensuring the survival of the Iran deal as well as engaging in more proactive action against the Islamic State, within a security framework for the Middle East.
Rouhani, asked if he had a message for Trump, appeared to signal that he was still interested in a dialogue despite the increasingly hostile posture taken by the new U.S. president toward Iran.
"America's dream of ending Iran's missile programme will never come true".
However, Rouhani noted he will respond if the USA threatens Iran.
It is safe to assume, therefore, that despite Rouhani's re-election, prospects for economic recovery are bleak and will remain so until Iran's strategic political trajectory undergoes a complete transformation.
The economy has improved since the deal took effect a year ago. He is thought to have the tacit backing of Iran's Supreme Leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who is the final authority in Iran's peculiar blend of democracy and theocracy.
Following the 2015 agreement on Iran's nuclear programs, the Obama administration lifted sanctions on Tehran in 2016.
A bipartisan delegation of almost 50 senators announced on Thursday that it is moving forward with new legislation to increase economic sanctions on Iran as a result of its missile program, as well as the Islamic Republic's support for terrorism and illegal weapons trade.
During his first term (2013-17), Rouhani honoured his pledge to conclude an agreement with the USA under President Barack Obama, and with Britain, France, Russia, China and Germany to curb Iran's nuclear programme in exchange for the lifting of sanctions. "We will continue efforts with all our might to increase the military output...the parliament has allocated $1.3 billon to strengthen the military foundation and this is considered a major leap forward", said Naghavi, according to a report issued by the Fars news agency, which has ties to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC).
For decades, Saudi Arabia and Iran have competed for religious leadership and political influence across the Muslim world and beyond.
"From Lebanon to Iraq to Yemen, Iran funds, arms and trains terrorists, militias and other extremist groups that spread destruction and chaos across the region", the United States president said.
During his visit to Saudi Arabia on Sunday, Trump called on the regional countries to isolate Iran which, he said, had "fuelled the fires of sectarian conflict and terror".
The Iranian president, however, did not rule out a meeting with his United States counterpart.
Mr Trump began a trip to Israel on Monday by saying that it shared a "common cause" with its Arab neighbours in "the threat posed by Iran". But there would be no nuclear deal without the blessing of the supreme leader.
Iran's economy has slowly recovered since the lifting of sanctions past year but deals with Western investors are few and far between as foreign investors are cautious about trading with or investing in Iran, fearing penalties from remaining unilateral USA sanctions. In retaliation, Iran released the Mujahideen warlord Gulbeddin Hekmatyar, who had been under supervision in Iran, enabling him to return to Afghanistan and start attacking the new USA -allied government of Hamid Karzai.